Network Working Group                                 S. Hollenbeck, Ed.
Request for Comments: 4089                                  IAB and IESG
Category: Informational                                         May 2005
        
Network Working Group                                 S. Hollenbeck, Ed.
Request for Comments: 4089                                  IAB and IESG
Category: Informational                                         May 2005
        

IAB and IESG Recommendation for IETF Administrative Restructuring

IAB和IESG关于IETF行政重组的建议

Status of This Memo

关于下段备忘

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

本备忘录为互联网社区提供信息。它没有规定任何类型的互联网标准。本备忘录的分发不受限制。

Copyright Notice

版权公告

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).

版权所有(C)互联网协会(2005年)。

Abstract

摘要

This document describes a joint recommendation of the Internet Architecture Board and the Internet Engineering Steering Group for administrative restructuring of the Internet Engineering Task Force. The IETF Chair declared that the IETF had consensus to follow this recommendation on November 11, 2004. Further work has been done to revise and refine the structures proposed. The recommendation is being published for the record.

本文件描述了互联网架构委员会和互联网工程指导小组就互联网工程工作队的行政重组提出的联合建议。IETF主席宣布IETF已于2004年11月11日达成共识,同意遵循该建议。已开展进一步工作,修订和完善拟议结构。该建议正在公布备案。

Table of Contents

目录

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   2.  The Process That Produced This Recommendation  . . . . . . . .  2
   3.  Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   4.  Arguments That Had Particular Weight in the Discussions  . . .  4
       4.1.  Focusing on Scenarios C and O  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
       4.2.  Why We Chose Scenario O  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   6.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   7.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   Appendix: Scenario C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   Appendix: Scenario O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
   Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
        
   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2
   2.  The Process That Produced This Recommendation  . . . . . . . .  2
   3.  Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   4.  Arguments That Had Particular Weight in the Discussions  . . .  4
       4.1.  Focusing on Scenarios C and O  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
       4.2.  Why We Chose Scenario O  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   5.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   6.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   7.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   Appendix: Scenario C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   Appendix: Scenario O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
   Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
        
1. Introduction
1. 介绍

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has a need for administrative support functions. The debate and dialogue of 2003 and 2004 has led to the belief that the way these functions are provided needs to be changed.

互联网工程任务组(IETF)需要行政支持功能。2003年和2004年的辩论和对话使人们相信,提供这些职能的方式需要改变。

This document gives the recommendation of the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) and Internet Architecture Board (IAB) on what the next step in that change process should be, and some of the background and reasoning behind this recommendation.

本文件给出了互联网工程指导小组(IESG)和互联网体系结构委员会(IAB)关于变更过程下一步应采取的措施的建议,以及本建议背后的一些背景和理由。

2. The Process That Produced This Recommendation
2. 产生本建议的过程

During several months in 2004, the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) and the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) worked together to consider several different options for restructuring the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) administrative functions. The goal of this effort was to produce a recommendation for consideration by and approval of the IETF community. The rationale for this effort is described in RFC 3716 [1]. Much background work and several detailed proposals for community consideration are provided in a report prepared by a consultant titled "IETF Administrative Support Functions" [2].

在2004的几个月内,互联网架构委员会(IAB)和互联网工程指导小组(IESG)共同考虑了几种不同的选项来重组互联网工程任务组(IETF)的管理功能。这项工作的目标是提出建议,供IETF社区考虑和批准。RFC 3716[1]中描述了这项工作的基本原理。由一位名为“IETF行政支持功能”的顾问编写的报告中提供了许多背景工作和一些供社区考虑的详细建议[2]。

The consultant's report included several possible scenarios for administrative restructuring (named scenario A, B, C, and D). As discussion took place within the IETF community, it became clear that some of the scenarios had features that appeared more promising than others, but that we did not have enough of a concrete proposal to crystallize opinions into a consensus for action. Members of the IESG and IAB took on the task of working out more complete descriptions of two of the scenarios. They were:

顾问的报告包括了几种可能的行政重组方案(称为方案A、B、C和D)。随着IETF社区内的讨论,很明显,一些场景的特点似乎比其他场景更有希望,但我们没有足够的具体建议将意见具体化为行动共识。IESG和IAB的成员承担了对其中两个场景进行更完整描述的任务。他们是:

o Scenario C (section 4.4 of the report) describes when "administrative support functions for the IETF are legally housed in a focused, incorporated institution" with close ties to the Internet Society (ISOC). Scenario C is included here as the first appendix.

o 场景C(本报告第4.4节)描述了“IETF的行政支持职能合法地安置在一个与互联网协会(ISOC)有密切联系的重点、法人机构中”的情况。场景C作为第一个附录包含在这里。

o A new scenario, called Scenario O, that includes features derived from scenarios A and B (sections 4.2 and 4.3 of the report), focusing on the formalization of the ISOC/IETF relationship while housing administrative support functions for the IETF within ISOC. Scenario O is included here as the second appendix.

o 一种称为场景O的新场景,包括从场景A和场景B(本报告第4.2节和第4.3节)衍生的功能,重点是ISOC/IETF关系的形式化,同时在ISOC中包含IETF的行政支持功能。场景O作为第二个附录包含在这里。

These descriptions were not intended to close off discussion of other scenarios, but to focus discussion on what appeared to be two independent loci of support.

这些描述并不是为了结束对其他场景的讨论,而是为了集中讨论两个独立的支持点。

Both scenarios were presented to the IETF community as mail notes (Scenario C [3], Scenario O [4]) sent to the IETF discussion list. IETF participants' opinions, while quite divided on the subject, seemed to indicate a preference for Scenario O as a "lower risk operation", but some participants indicated that they felt unable to give an informed opinion, disagreed with the process, or declared the subject out of their field of competence. This discussion garnered perhaps 40 participants who contributed on the list.

这两个场景都以邮件形式呈现给IETF社区(场景C[3],场景O[4]),并发送给IETF讨论列表。IETF参与者的意见虽然在这一问题上存在很大分歧,但似乎表明他们倾向于将场景O作为“低风险操作”,但一些参与者表示,他们觉得无法给出知情的意见,不同意该过程,或宣布该主题超出其能力范围。这次讨论吸引了大约40名与会者,他们在名单上做出了贡献。

The IETF Chair then requested an informal poll of IETF opinion. People interested in participating in the poll were directed to a web site where their opinions could be noted, including whether they wanted to state an opinion or not. The raw poll results [5] were also shared with the community via a mail note to the IETF discussion list.

IETF主席随后要求对IETF的意见进行非正式投票。有兴趣参与调查的人被引导到一个网站上,在那里可以看到他们的意见,包括他们是否想陈述意见。原始民意调查结果[5]也通过发送至IETF讨论列表的邮件通知与社区共享。

The poll sparked additional discussion on the list, and not all participants agreed with the methodology of the poll. Taken with the discussion, though, the IESG and IAB members believe that there is a stronger indication of community support for change based on Scenario O than on other scenarios. The IESG and IAB members believe that Scenario O can be a workable basis for further progress, even if it is not the first preference for all members. Taken together, this has led to the IESG/IAB recommendation given below.

这项调查引发了名单上的更多讨论,并非所有参与者都同意调查方法。尽管如此,IESG和IAB成员认为,与其他情景相比,基于情景O的社区支持变革的迹象更为强烈。IESG和IAB成员认为,方案O可以成为进一步进展的可行基础,即使它不是所有成员的首选方案。综上所述,这导致了以下IESG/IAB建议。

3. Recommendation
3. 正式建议

The collective recommendation of the IAB and IESG was presented to the IETF community of Friday 8 October 2004 via a mail note [6] sent to the IETF mailing list:

IAB和IESG的集体建议于2004年10月8日星期五通过发送至IETF邮件列表的邮件通知[6]提交给IETF社区:

"IETF folks,

“IETF各位,

The IESG and IAB have been considering the input from the IETF community on the next steps going forward in IETF administrative restructuring.

IESG和IAB一直在考虑IETF社区对IETF行政重组下一步工作的投入。

It appears clear to us that the community mostly sees scenario O as the lower-risk scenario, and the one that gives us the greatest probability of successfully doing what we have to do.

我们似乎清楚地看到,社区大多将情景O视为风险较低的情景,而这种情景使我们成功完成我们必须做的事情的可能性最大。

Based on this, the IESG and the IAB make the following recommendation:

基于此,IESG和IAB提出以下建议:

We recommend that the IETF pursue scenario O, with the understanding that further work is needed to define the roles and responsibilities of the IETF, the IAOC and the ISOC BoT under this scenario.

我们建议IETF继续实施方案O,并理解需要进一步的工作来定义IETF、IAOC和ISOC机器人在该方案下的角色和责任。

The "BCP section" of the scenario O note will be pulled out and published as an internet-draft. We'd like to put this description to the IETF community for a formal Last Call before the November IETF meeting, if possible.

场景O说明的“BCP部分”将被抽出并作为互联网草稿发布。如果可能的话,我们希望在11月IETF会议之前,向IETF社区提供这一描述,以便进行正式的最后一次通话。

Also, as noted in the recommendation above, there are a number of points where we need to work out in more detail how the system is going to work - who takes decisions, who accepts those decisions, and what conflict resolution mechanisms may be necessary, and so on. The IAB and IESG are drafting a document that will describe the finer level of detail as to the respective roles and responsibilities of each of the players. We will publish this as an internet-draft shortly.

此外,正如上面的建议所指出的,我们需要更详细地确定系统将如何运作——谁作出决定,谁接受这些决定,以及可能需要什么样的冲突解决机制,等等。IAB和IESG正在起草一份文件,详细描述每个参与者各自的角色和责任。我们将很快在互联网上发布这一草案。

We will continue to work intensely on this!"

我们将继续为此而努力!"

4. Arguments That Had Particular Weight in the Discussions
4. 在讨论中特别重要的论点
4.1. Focusing on Scenarios C and O
4.1. 关注场景C和场景O

The IETF list was presented with four scenarios in the consultant report [2], which should be read for the full context. In slogan form, they might be rendered as

IETF列表在顾问报告[2]中给出了四种场景,应在完整上下文中阅读。在标语形式中,它们可能被呈现为

o A: Leave it to ISOC.

o A:交给ISOC吧。

o B: Increase IETF control of ISOC, and use ISOC to do it.

o B:增加IETF对ISOC的控制,并使用ISOC来实现。

o C: Isolate the functions, let ISOC gather money, share control.

o C:隔离功能,让ISOC集资,分享控制权。

o D: Cut the IETF off from ISOC and do it ourselves.

o D:切断ISOC的IETF,我们自己做。

On the list, there seemed to be very few who were comfortable with the idea that "we" (for some version of "we") could "do it ourselves" as envisioned in Scenario D. There was also considerable worry about the risk associated with Scenario C, especially with regard to financial stability, and that the perceived danger of problems would cause sponsors to withhold funding, thus precipitating problems even if there was no other reason for them. Scenario C spoke strongly to those who worried about a possible conflict of interest between ISOC and the IETF community at some future date - "we don't know what ISOC will turn into" was the capsule summary.

在名单上,似乎很少有人对情景D中设想的“我们”(对于“我们”的某些版本)可以“自己做”的想法感到满意。也有人对情景C相关的风险感到相当担忧,特别是在金融稳定方面,人们意识到的问题的危险会导致赞助者扣留资金,从而引发问题,即使没有其他原因。场景C向那些担心ISOC和IETF社区在未来某个日期可能存在利益冲突的人发出了强烈的声音——“我们不知道ISOC会变成什么”是胶囊摘要。

Scenario A worried people because it did not seem to acknowledge the IETF community's ability to determine if its needs were being met and what could be done if they were not. The phrase "replace existing problematic structures by ISOC" was perhaps a capsule summary. However, Scenario B's list of possible mechanisms for involving IETF community directly in ISOC's operations was not viewed as acceptable or in balance with the full scope of ISOC's activities. Members of the IAB & IESG developed Scenario O, a solution scenario that put the administrative activity within ISOC, but aimed to provide a means for the IETF to provide oversight and control of that specific activity within ISOC. Its name is derived from the classification of blood types -- "neither A nor B".

场景A让人们感到担忧,因为它似乎没有承认IETF社区有能力确定其需求是否得到满足,如果没有得到满足,可以做些什么。“用ISOC替换现有的有问题的结构”这句话也许是一个总结。然而,场景B中IETF社区直接参与ISOC运作的可能机制列表被认为是不可接受的,或者与ISOC的全部活动范围不平衡。IAB和IESG的成员开发了场景O,这是一种将管理活动置于ISOC内的解决方案场景,但旨在为IETF提供一种手段,以监督和控制ISOC内的具体活动。它的名字来源于血型分类——“既不是A也不是B”。

Thus, the decision to focus on C and O as "alternatives to be worked out in detail" was made.

因此,决定将重点放在C和O上,作为“有待详细制定的备选方案”。

4.2. Why We Chose Scenario O
4.2. 为什么我们选择场景O

Capsule summary: It might be possible to make either scenario work. But Scenario O could be made to work faster, and less painfully.

胶囊概述:这两种方案都可能奏效。但场景O可以更快、更轻松地工作。

The ISOC Board of Trustees was significantly worried that scenario C would make fundraising more difficult, which would necessarily affect its ability to support the IETF.

ISOC董事会非常担心情景C会使筹资更加困难,这必然会影响其支持IETF的能力。

The question of tax status for the new corporation was debated at some length on the list; legal counsel indicated that a corporation that did the IETF work (Scenario D) would probably be easy to get classified as 501(c)(3) (a type of non-profit corporation defined by U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulations). However, a corporation that did only administrative support functions, as scenario C envisioned, would have more problems. In all cases, the process of determining this would take months, and could be dragged out longer if we were unlucky.

名单上对新公司的税务地位问题进行了长时间的辩论;法律顾问指出,开展IETF工作的公司(场景D)很容易被归类为501(c)(3)(美国国税局(IRS)条例定义的非营利公司类型)。然而,如场景C所设想的那样,一家只执行管理支持功能的公司将面临更多的问题。在所有情况下,确定这一点的过程都需要几个月,如果我们运气不好,可能会拖得更长。

The community feedback, in addition to contributing many well-formed and well-argued points to the discussion, gave a powerful indication on where it was possible to get IETF consensus:

社区反馈除了为讨论提供了许多结构合理、论证充分的观点外,还有力地表明了在何处可以达成IETF共识:

o It seemed possible to garner IETF consensus around Scenario O; the people arguing for Scenario C indicated that they "could live with" the alternative.

o 似乎有可能获得IETF对场景O的共识;支持方案C的人表示,他们“可以接受”替代方案。

o It seemed much more difficult to garner IETF consensus around Scenario C; many people arguing against it indicated that they were firmly convinced that it was the wrong choice for the IETF.

o 围绕场景C达成IETF共识似乎要困难得多;许多反对它的人表示,他们坚信这是IETF的错误选择。

The IETF is based on the idea that the consensus process, when it works, comes up with reasonable decisions. We concluded that the apparent drift of community consensus was a reasonable basis for the IESG/IAB recommendations.

IETF基于这样一个理念,即协商一致的过程在起作用时会做出合理的决定。我们得出结论,社区共识的明显漂移是IESG/IAB建议的合理基础。

5. IANA Considerations
5. IANA考虑

This document does not require any IANA actions. However, the IETF administrative restructuring process is likely to affect how the relationship between the IETF and the IANA is managed.

本文件不要求IANA采取任何行动。然而,IETF行政重组过程可能会影响IETF与IANA之间关系的管理方式。

6. Security Considerations
6. 安全考虑

This document does not introduce any security considerations for the operation of the Internet. However, administrative restructuring introduces several areas of risk to the future of the IETF. The risks and their mitigation strategies are described in the scenarios as appended to this document.

本文件未介绍互联网运行的任何安全注意事项。然而,行政重组给IETF的未来带来了几个方面的风险。本文件所附情景中描述了风险及其缓解策略。

7. Acknowledgements
7. 致谢

This document is a collective work of the members of the IAB and the IESG. Members of the IAB at the time of this writing include Bernard Aboba, Harald Alvestrand, Rob Austein, Leslie Daigle, Patrik Faltstrom, Sally Floyd, Mark Handley, Bob Hinden, Geoff Huston, Jun-ichiro Itojun Hagano, Eric Rescorla, Pete Resnick, and Jonathan Rosenberg. Members of the IESG at the time of this writing include Harald Alvestrand, Steve Bellovin, Bill Fenner, Ted Hardie, Scott Hollenbeck, Russ Housley, David Kessens, Allison Mankin, Thomas Narten, Jon Peterson, Margaret Wasserman, Bert Wijnen, and Alex Zinin.

本文件是IAB和IESG成员的集体工作。撰写本文时,IAB的成员包括伯纳德·阿博巴、哈拉尔·阿尔韦斯特朗、罗布·奥斯汀、莱斯利·戴格尔、帕特里克·法茨特罗姆、萨利·弗洛伊德、马克·汉德利、鲍勃·欣登、杰夫·休斯顿、伊藤俊一郎·哈加诺、埃里克·雷索拉、皮特·雷斯尼克和乔纳森·罗森伯格。撰写本文时,IESG的成员包括哈拉尔·阿尔维斯特朗、史蒂夫·贝洛文、比尔·芬纳、特德·哈代、斯科特·霍伦贝克、罗斯·霍斯利、大卫·凯森斯、艾利森·曼金、托马斯·纳腾、乔恩·彼得森、玛格丽特·瓦瑟曼、伯特·维恩和亚历克斯·齐宁。

The administrative restructuring effort cannot succeed without community support and participation. Thus, the IAB and IESG wish to acknowledge the collective contributions of members of the IETF community who have participated in the discussion of this topic.

没有社区的支持和参与,行政结构改革的努力就不可能成功。因此,IAB和IESG希望感谢参与本主题讨论的IETF社区成员的集体贡献。

Appendix: Scenario C

附录:情景C

This Appendix reproduces the contents of an Internet-Draft defining Scenario C, as it was posted on 20 September 2004. A table of contents has been removed from this copy and the text has been reformatted to fit within IETF publication guidelines. Each line is prefixed with "C>>".

本附录复制了2004年9月20日发布的定义情景C的互联网草案的内容。已从该副本中删除目录,并对文本进行了重新格式化,以符合IETF出版指南的要求。每行的前缀都是“C>>”。

C>>                                                           B. Wijnen
C>>                                                  LucentTechnologies
C>>                                                       H. Alvestrand
C>>                                                       Cisco Systems
C>>                                                          P. Resnick
C>>                                               QUALCOMM Incorporated
C>>                                                  September 20, 2004
C>>
C>>  AdminRest Scenario C: An IETF Administrative Support Foundation as
C>>                an Independent Nonprofit Corporation
C>>
C>> Abstract
C>>
C>>    This document defines a proposal for an IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (IASF) as an independent not-for-profit
C>>    corporation as a means for providing focused support for IETF
C>>    community activities. It proposes the creation of an IASF Board
C>>    of Trustees (BoT) that is mainly selected by and accountable to
C>>    the IETF community and would provide oversight for the IETF
C>>    Administrative Support Foundation. The IASF will also establish
C>>    and maintain a strong relationship with the Internet Society
C>>    (ISOC) and the current relationships between IETF and ISOC will
C>>    basically be left unchanged.
C>>
C>>    In order to allow the community to properly evaluate this
C>>    scenario, some draft Articles of Incorporation and draft Bylaws
C>>    for the IASF are included.  Some draft BCP wording for the IASF,
C>>    IETF and ISOC relationships is also included.
C>>
C>>    1.  Overview of Scenario C
C>>
C>>    This document follows from two previous documents.  [RFC3716]
C>>    defined the overall parameters and criteria for an administrative
C>>    restructuring.  [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] provided an
C>>    analysis of the implications of several of the suggested
C>>    strategies.  This document picks one strategy and develops it
C>>    further.
C>>
        
C>>                                                           B. Wijnen
C>>                                                  LucentTechnologies
C>>                                                       H. Alvestrand
C>>                                                       Cisco Systems
C>>                                                          P. Resnick
C>>                                               QUALCOMM Incorporated
C>>                                                  September 20, 2004
C>>
C>>  AdminRest Scenario C: An IETF Administrative Support Foundation as
C>>                an Independent Nonprofit Corporation
C>>
C>> Abstract
C>>
C>>    This document defines a proposal for an IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (IASF) as an independent not-for-profit
C>>    corporation as a means for providing focused support for IETF
C>>    community activities. It proposes the creation of an IASF Board
C>>    of Trustees (BoT) that is mainly selected by and accountable to
C>>    the IETF community and would provide oversight for the IETF
C>>    Administrative Support Foundation. The IASF will also establish
C>>    and maintain a strong relationship with the Internet Society
C>>    (ISOC) and the current relationships between IETF and ISOC will
C>>    basically be left unchanged.
C>>
C>>    In order to allow the community to properly evaluate this
C>>    scenario, some draft Articles of Incorporation and draft Bylaws
C>>    for the IASF are included.  Some draft BCP wording for the IASF,
C>>    IETF and ISOC relationships is also included.
C>>
C>>    1.  Overview of Scenario C
C>>
C>>    This document follows from two previous documents.  [RFC3716]
C>>    defined the overall parameters and criteria for an administrative
C>>    restructuring.  [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] provided an
C>>    analysis of the implications of several of the suggested
C>>    strategies.  This document picks one strategy and develops it
C>>    further.
C>>
        
C>>    In order to provide the most focused and effective administrative
C>>    support to the IETF community, this updated scenario C proposes a
C>>    new and well-defined legal entity to support the IETF
C>>    administrative functions.  The name of that new entity is "The
C>>    IETF Administrative Support Foundation" (IASF).
C>>
C>>    First, it is important to understand that the IETF has been
C>>    organized as an Activity of the Internet Society (ISOC) and as
C>>    such represents the "Standards and Protocols" pillar of ISOC.
C>>    Under this proposal, the IETF would continue to be an integral
C>>    part of the Standards and Protocols pillar of ISOC.  ISOC
C>>    currently provides these important functions to the IETF:
C>>
C>>    1.  Standards Process Functions. ISOC plays a fundamental role in
C>>        the IETF Standards Process, including appointment of the
C>>        Nominating Committee (Nomcom) chair, confirmation of IAB
C>>        members, confirmation of documents that describe the
C>>        standards processes, and acting as the last resort in the
C>>        appeals process.  These Standards Process Functions are
C>>        defined in [RFC2026], [RFC2028], [RFC2031], and [RFC3677].
C>>
C>>    2.  IETF Fund Raising Functions. ISOC provides the fund raising
C>>        function as one source for financial support the IETF.
C>>
C>>    3.  Administration Functions. ISOC provides administrative and
C>>        financial functions, managing the contract with the RFC
C>>        Editor, providing insurance for selected IETF participants,
C>>        and administering a discretionary fund for use by the IAB and
C>>        the IETF Chairs.
C>>
C>>    The administrative restructuring of the IETF proposed in this
C>>    document keeps that basic relationship between IETF and ISOC.
C>>    Specifically, the recommendation does not propose any changes to
C>>    the "Standards Process Functions" or to the "IETF Fund Raising
C>>    Functions".
C>>
C>>    Under the "Administration Functions", ISOC both funds and
C>>    administers some (as stated above) parts of the IETF
C>>    Administrative Support Functions.  Some of the funds (like for
C>>    the RFC-Editor) go directly to the contractor who executes the
C>>    administrative function.  The streamlining of the administrative
C>>    support for the IETF ultimately intends to put the complete
C>>    Administrative Support Functions under the newly recommended
C>>    IASF.  This means that we recommend that ultimately, ISOC funds
C>>    for the IETF will be transferred to the IASF, which will then
C>>    administer all the contracts and payments according to an
        
C>>    In order to provide the most focused and effective administrative
C>>    support to the IETF community, this updated scenario C proposes a
C>>    new and well-defined legal entity to support the IETF
C>>    administrative functions.  The name of that new entity is "The
C>>    IETF Administrative Support Foundation" (IASF).
C>>
C>>    First, it is important to understand that the IETF has been
C>>    organized as an Activity of the Internet Society (ISOC) and as
C>>    such represents the "Standards and Protocols" pillar of ISOC.
C>>    Under this proposal, the IETF would continue to be an integral
C>>    part of the Standards and Protocols pillar of ISOC.  ISOC
C>>    currently provides these important functions to the IETF:
C>>
C>>    1.  Standards Process Functions. ISOC plays a fundamental role in
C>>        the IETF Standards Process, including appointment of the
C>>        Nominating Committee (Nomcom) chair, confirmation of IAB
C>>        members, confirmation of documents that describe the
C>>        standards processes, and acting as the last resort in the
C>>        appeals process.  These Standards Process Functions are
C>>        defined in [RFC2026], [RFC2028], [RFC2031], and [RFC3677].
C>>
C>>    2.  IETF Fund Raising Functions. ISOC provides the fund raising
C>>        function as one source for financial support the IETF.
C>>
C>>    3.  Administration Functions. ISOC provides administrative and
C>>        financial functions, managing the contract with the RFC
C>>        Editor, providing insurance for selected IETF participants,
C>>        and administering a discretionary fund for use by the IAB and
C>>        the IETF Chairs.
C>>
C>>    The administrative restructuring of the IETF proposed in this
C>>    document keeps that basic relationship between IETF and ISOC.
C>>    Specifically, the recommendation does not propose any changes to
C>>    the "Standards Process Functions" or to the "IETF Fund Raising
C>>    Functions".
C>>
C>>    Under the "Administration Functions", ISOC both funds and
C>>    administers some (as stated above) parts of the IETF
C>>    Administrative Support Functions.  Some of the funds (like for
C>>    the RFC-Editor) go directly to the contractor who executes the
C>>    administrative function.  The streamlining of the administrative
C>>    support for the IETF ultimately intends to put the complete
C>>    Administrative Support Functions under the newly recommended
C>>    IASF.  This means that we recommend that ultimately, ISOC funds
C>>    for the IETF will be transferred to the IASF, which will then
C>>    administer all the contracts and payments according to an
        
C>>    approved yearly budget.  The details of that process will be
C>>    documented in a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between ISOC,
C>>    IETF and IASF.
C>>
C>>    This updated AdminRest Scenario C aims to provide the following:
C>>
C>>    o  A continued close relationship between IETF and ISOC.
C>>
C>>    o  A well defined legal entity within which the IETF can define
C>>       the administrative activity in terms of IETF community needs.
C>>
C>>    o  A Board of Trustees with operational oversight that is
C>>       accountable to the IETF community.
C>>
C>>    o  Continued separation between the IETF standards activity and
C>>       any fund-raising for standards work.
C>>
C>>    o  A close and well defined relationship between IASF and ISOC,
C>>       documented in a BCP (or MoU).
C>>
C>>    o  Appropriate ISOC oversight of its standards activities funds
C>>       via a yearly budget approval and open reporting of funds
C>>       spent.
C>>
C>>    In scenario C, it is intended that the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation will be a tax-exempt not-for-profit
C>>    corporation as defined by Articles of Incorporation and a set of
C>>    Bylaws.  These will describe the scope and purpose of the IASF
C>>    and they also define the structure and responsibility of the
C>>    Board of Trustees (BoT), a body that is mainly selected by the
C>>    IETF and which is responsible for overseeing the IASF.  A draft
C>>    of the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws is included in the
C>>    next sections of this document.
C>>
C>>    Scenario C allows us (IETF) to establish IETF control over our
C>>    administrative support functions in terms of determining that
C>>    they meet the community's needs, and adjusting them from time to
C>>    time using IETF processes.  This is to address the pressing
C>>    administrative issues outlined in [RFC3716].
C>>
C>>    Scenario C also encourages us (the IETF) to regularly evaluate
C>>    that we do want to continue the relationships with ISOC and the
C>>    contracts with our services providers (contractors).  It is based
C>>    on the premise that we prefer to actively maintain relationships
C>>    with other organizations and service providers instead of being
C>>    bound to such relationships based on poorly defined and poorly
        
C>>    approved yearly budget.  The details of that process will be
C>>    documented in a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between ISOC,
C>>    IETF and IASF.
C>>
C>>    This updated AdminRest Scenario C aims to provide the following:
C>>
C>>    o  A continued close relationship between IETF and ISOC.
C>>
C>>    o  A well defined legal entity within which the IETF can define
C>>       the administrative activity in terms of IETF community needs.
C>>
C>>    o  A Board of Trustees with operational oversight that is
C>>       accountable to the IETF community.
C>>
C>>    o  Continued separation between the IETF standards activity and
C>>       any fund-raising for standards work.
C>>
C>>    o  A close and well defined relationship between IASF and ISOC,
C>>       documented in a BCP (or MoU).
C>>
C>>    o  Appropriate ISOC oversight of its standards activities funds
C>>       via a yearly budget approval and open reporting of funds
C>>       spent.
C>>
C>>    In scenario C, it is intended that the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation will be a tax-exempt not-for-profit
C>>    corporation as defined by Articles of Incorporation and a set of
C>>    Bylaws.  These will describe the scope and purpose of the IASF
C>>    and they also define the structure and responsibility of the
C>>    Board of Trustees (BoT), a body that is mainly selected by the
C>>    IETF and which is responsible for overseeing the IASF.  A draft
C>>    of the Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws is included in the
C>>    next sections of this document.
C>>
C>>    Scenario C allows us (IETF) to establish IETF control over our
C>>    administrative support functions in terms of determining that
C>>    they meet the community's needs, and adjusting them from time to
C>>    time using IETF processes.  This is to address the pressing
C>>    administrative issues outlined in [RFC3716].
C>>
C>>    Scenario C also encourages us (the IETF) to regularly evaluate
C>>    that we do want to continue the relationships with ISOC and the
C>>    contracts with our services providers (contractors).  It is based
C>>    on the premise that we prefer to actively maintain relationships
C>>    with other organizations and service providers instead of being
C>>    bound to such relationships based on poorly defined and poorly
        
C>>    documented historical facts.  A draft BCP for the relationship
C>>    between ISOC, IETF and IASF is included as a separate section in
C>>    this document.
C>>
C>>    Scenario C does however bring the burden of creating a new legal
C>>    entity (IASF) and such an undertaking is also not without risks.
C>>    It will need careful planning and execution.  Migration from the
C>>    current structure to this new structure is probably also somewhat
C>>    more costly and time and labour consuming.  The sections below
C>>    try to show how that would be achieved and outlines what further
C>>    steps are needed to provide more detail if this scenario is
C>>    chosen.
C>>
C>> 2.  Work Plan for the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    This section gives the work plan for the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (IASF) for the remainder of 2004 and the year
C>>    2005.
C>>
C>> 2.1  Workplan goals
C>>
C>>    The work plan below is intended to satisfy three goals:
C>>
C>>    o  Satisfy the IETF's need for support functions in 2005
C>>
C>>    o  Operate with a positive account balance throughout 2005
C>>
C>>    o  Start building up a fund inside the IASF to serve as a buffer
C>>       against budgetary emergencies in later years (such as meetings
C>>       with a severe cost overrun, or force-majeure cancellations).
C>>
C>>    The fund target is 6 months of operating revenue, and the target
C>>    for building up the fund is 3 years.  The budgeted set-aside for
C>>    the fund should thus be approximately 17% of operating revenue.
C>>
C>> 2.2  Incorporation process
C>>
C>>    There are 3 things that need to be in place before that
C>>    corporation can be considered viable at all:
C>>
C>>    o  IETF consensus on the plan
C>>
C>>    o  ISOC agreement on a reasonable support contract
C>>
C>>    o  Assurance that the corporation will have tax-exempt status
C>>
        
C>>    documented historical facts.  A draft BCP for the relationship
C>>    between ISOC, IETF and IASF is included as a separate section in
C>>    this document.
C>>
C>>    Scenario C does however bring the burden of creating a new legal
C>>    entity (IASF) and such an undertaking is also not without risks.
C>>    It will need careful planning and execution.  Migration from the
C>>    current structure to this new structure is probably also somewhat
C>>    more costly and time and labour consuming.  The sections below
C>>    try to show how that would be achieved and outlines what further
C>>    steps are needed to provide more detail if this scenario is
C>>    chosen.
C>>
C>> 2.  Work Plan for the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    This section gives the work plan for the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (IASF) for the remainder of 2004 and the year
C>>    2005.
C>>
C>> 2.1  Workplan goals
C>>
C>>    The work plan below is intended to satisfy three goals:
C>>
C>>    o  Satisfy the IETF's need for support functions in 2005
C>>
C>>    o  Operate with a positive account balance throughout 2005
C>>
C>>    o  Start building up a fund inside the IASF to serve as a buffer
C>>       against budgetary emergencies in later years (such as meetings
C>>       with a severe cost overrun, or force-majeure cancellations).
C>>
C>>    The fund target is 6 months of operating revenue, and the target
C>>    for building up the fund is 3 years.  The budgeted set-aside for
C>>    the fund should thus be approximately 17% of operating revenue.
C>>
C>> 2.2  Incorporation process
C>>
C>>    There are 3 things that need to be in place before that
C>>    corporation can be considered viable at all:
C>>
C>>    o  IETF consensus on the plan
C>>
C>>    o  ISOC agreement on a reasonable support contract
C>>
C>>    o  Assurance that the corporation will have tax-exempt status
C>>
        
C>>    Once this document has been discussed in the IETF, and the IESG
C>>    and IAB gauges that rough consensus seems reached, the IETF
C>>    leadership will take the following actions:
C>>
C>>    o  Publish a Last Call on this document (to determine plan
C>>       consensus).
C>>
C>>    o  Choose a negotiating team to negotiate the ISOC contract.
C>>
C>>    o  Choose an executive search team to find the IASF
C>>       Administrative Director (IAD).
C>>
C>>    o  Consult with legal counsel to determine how best to achieve
C>>       tax-exempt status; this will affect the bylaws and articles of
C>>       incorporation.
C>>
C>>    When the Last Call is over, the IESG will consider whether there
C>>    is still consensus, and if there is, approve this document for
C>>    publication.  Once that happens, it will take the following
C>>    steps:
C>>
C>>    o  As soon as negotiations conclude, publish a Last Call on the
C>>       ISOC contract.
C>>
C>>    o  As soon as drafting of legal documents is completed, publish a
C>>       Last Call on the Bylaws and Articles of Incorporation, and ask
C>>       the Nomcom to start the process of selecting Nomcom-selected
C>>       board representatives.
C>>
C>>
C>>    These Last Calls are "speak now" Last Calls - if someone wishes
C>>    to challenge the IETF consensus to go ahead with these actions,
C>>    knowing what the formal documents will look like, this is their
C>>    last chance.
C>>
C>>    When these Last Calls are over, the IETF chair, the IAB chair and
C>>    the ISOC President will jointly file the articles of
C>>    incorporation, and the IESG, IAB and ISOC will fill their board
C>>    seats.
C>>
C>>    Note: This document does not say when a Request for Information
C>>    (RFI) for IETF support services such as meeting planning is sent
C>>    out. Advice is sought on the earliest point where this can be
C>>    done.
C>>
        
C>>    Once this document has been discussed in the IETF, and the IESG
C>>    and IAB gauges that rough consensus seems reached, the IETF
C>>    leadership will take the following actions:
C>>
C>>    o  Publish a Last Call on this document (to determine plan
C>>       consensus).
C>>
C>>    o  Choose a negotiating team to negotiate the ISOC contract.
C>>
C>>    o  Choose an executive search team to find the IASF
C>>       Administrative Director (IAD).
C>>
C>>    o  Consult with legal counsel to determine how best to achieve
C>>       tax-exempt status; this will affect the bylaws and articles of
C>>       incorporation.
C>>
C>>    When the Last Call is over, the IESG will consider whether there
C>>    is still consensus, and if there is, approve this document for
C>>    publication.  Once that happens, it will take the following
C>>    steps:
C>>
C>>    o  As soon as negotiations conclude, publish a Last Call on the
C>>       ISOC contract.
C>>
C>>    o  As soon as drafting of legal documents is completed, publish a
C>>       Last Call on the Bylaws and Articles of Incorporation, and ask
C>>       the Nomcom to start the process of selecting Nomcom-selected
C>>       board representatives.
C>>
C>>
C>>    These Last Calls are "speak now" Last Calls - if someone wishes
C>>    to challenge the IETF consensus to go ahead with these actions,
C>>    knowing what the formal documents will look like, this is their
C>>    last chance.
C>>
C>>    When these Last Calls are over, the IETF chair, the IAB chair and
C>>    the ISOC President will jointly file the articles of
C>>    incorporation, and the IESG, IAB and ISOC will fill their board
C>>    seats.
C>>
C>>    Note: This document does not say when a Request for Information
C>>    (RFI) for IETF support services such as meeting planning is sent
C>>    out. Advice is sought on the earliest point where this can be
C>>    done.
C>>
        
C>> 2.3  Contract establishment
C>>
C>>    The most important activity for late 2004/early 2005 is to
C>>    finalize contracts for the support of the IETF.  This includes:
C>>
C>>    o  Funding
C>>
C>>    o  Technical infrastructure
C>>
C>>    o  Meeting management
C>>
C>>    o  Clerk's office
C>>
C>>    o  RFC Editor
C>>
C>>    o  IANA
C>>
C>>    There appears to be consensus in the IETF community that these
C>>    functions, whether they are offered for free, remunerated or
C>>    arranged for other consideration, should be under contract.
C>>
C>>    The contract for funding is expected to be with ISOC, and should
C>>    be finalized before IASF is established.
C>>
C>>    The contract for technical infrastructure is expected to be an
C>>    RFP, published in November of 2004, with responses being
C>>    evaluated in December 2004, and services rendered from a mutually
C>>    agreed date early in 2005.
C>>
C>>    The contract for meeting management will be influenced by the
C>>    need to have stable agreements for the 2005 meetings at an early
C>>    date.  This indicates that IASF will honor a pre-IASF agreement
C>>    to have these meeting contracts signed by Foretec (if that can be
C>>    achieved).
C>>
C>>    It is not clear how the contract for the clerk's office is to be
C>>    managed at the time of this writing.
C>>
C>>    The contract for the RFC Editor is expected to be with ISI, and
C>>    is expected to be a continuation of the current contract with
C>>    ISOC, which runs until the end of 2005.
C>>
C>>    The contract with IANA will replace or augment the current MoU
C>>    between the IETF and ICANN.  In its simplest form, it would
C>>    simply be a reconfirmation of the duties of ICANN under the MoU.
C>>
        
C>> 2.3  Contract establishment
C>>
C>>    The most important activity for late 2004/early 2005 is to
C>>    finalize contracts for the support of the IETF.  This includes:
C>>
C>>    o  Funding
C>>
C>>    o  Technical infrastructure
C>>
C>>    o  Meeting management
C>>
C>>    o  Clerk's office
C>>
C>>    o  RFC Editor
C>>
C>>    o  IANA
C>>
C>>    There appears to be consensus in the IETF community that these
C>>    functions, whether they are offered for free, remunerated or
C>>    arranged for other consideration, should be under contract.
C>>
C>>    The contract for funding is expected to be with ISOC, and should
C>>    be finalized before IASF is established.
C>>
C>>    The contract for technical infrastructure is expected to be an
C>>    RFP, published in November of 2004, with responses being
C>>    evaluated in December 2004, and services rendered from a mutually
C>>    agreed date early in 2005.
C>>
C>>    The contract for meeting management will be influenced by the
C>>    need to have stable agreements for the 2005 meetings at an early
C>>    date.  This indicates that IASF will honor a pre-IASF agreement
C>>    to have these meeting contracts signed by Foretec (if that can be
C>>    achieved).
C>>
C>>    It is not clear how the contract for the clerk's office is to be
C>>    managed at the time of this writing.
C>>
C>>    The contract for the RFC Editor is expected to be with ISI, and
C>>    is expected to be a continuation of the current contract with
C>>    ISOC, which runs until the end of 2005.
C>>
C>>    The contract with IANA will replace or augment the current MoU
C>>    between the IETF and ICANN.  In its simplest form, it would
C>>    simply be a reconfirmation of the duties of ICANN under the MoU.
C>>
        
C>> 2.4  Performance evaluation
C>>
C>>    The second task of the IASF is to make sure the IETF gets the
C>>    support it needs.  The IASF will work together with the IETF
C>>    community to make an effort to identify whether or not the IETF's
C>>    needs are being met, and to coordinate improvements with the
C>>    contractors.  This is an ongoing activity.
C>>
C>> 2.5  Budgeting for 2006
C>>
C>>    In June 2005, the IASF will start the yearly budgeting process
C>>    with ISOC, as specified in the ISOC contract, leading to a work
C>>    plan and budget for 2006.
C>>
C>> 2.6  Reporting
C>>
C>>    The IASF will present monthly updates on its economic status.
C>>    These will be delivered to ISOC as part of the ISOC contract, and
C>>    also be made publicly available so that the IETF community can
C>>    inspect them.
C>>
C>> 3.  Details of the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    This section contains details about the proposal to change how
C>>    the day-to-day IETF administrative support functions are
C>>    provided.  This recommendation is based on the  initial
C>>    description of "Scenario C" in the "Administrative Support
C>>    Analysis" [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] provided by Carl
C>>    Malamud.  It is further based on discussion in the IESG and IAB
C>>    and on feedback on Carl's document as received on the IETF
C>>    mailing list.  Further justifications, reasoning and motivations
C>>    are given in Appendix A. Risk Analysis is done in Appendix C.
C>>
C>>    This document recommends to create a well defined and legal
C>>    entity called "The IETF Administrative Support Foundation"
C>>
C>>    (IASF).  The name intends to clearly express that this new legal
C>>    entity has only one single function, namely to provide the
C>>    administrative support of the IETF Standardization and Protocol
C>>    Development activities.  This entity will ultimately manage and
C>>    administer all the administrative functions that are needed to
C>>    support the IETF - the Standardization and Protocol Development
C>>    activity of ISOC.
C>>
        
C>> 2.4  Performance evaluation
C>>
C>>    The second task of the IASF is to make sure the IETF gets the
C>>    support it needs.  The IASF will work together with the IETF
C>>    community to make an effort to identify whether or not the IETF's
C>>    needs are being met, and to coordinate improvements with the
C>>    contractors.  This is an ongoing activity.
C>>
C>> 2.5  Budgeting for 2006
C>>
C>>    In June 2005, the IASF will start the yearly budgeting process
C>>    with ISOC, as specified in the ISOC contract, leading to a work
C>>    plan and budget for 2006.
C>>
C>> 2.6  Reporting
C>>
C>>    The IASF will present monthly updates on its economic status.
C>>    These will be delivered to ISOC as part of the ISOC contract, and
C>>    also be made publicly available so that the IETF community can
C>>    inspect them.
C>>
C>> 3.  Details of the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    This section contains details about the proposal to change how
C>>    the day-to-day IETF administrative support functions are
C>>    provided.  This recommendation is based on the  initial
C>>    description of "Scenario C" in the "Administrative Support
C>>    Analysis" [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] provided by Carl
C>>    Malamud.  It is further based on discussion in the IESG and IAB
C>>    and on feedback on Carl's document as received on the IETF
C>>    mailing list.  Further justifications, reasoning and motivations
C>>    are given in Appendix A. Risk Analysis is done in Appendix C.
C>>
C>>    This document recommends to create a well defined and legal
C>>    entity called "The IETF Administrative Support Foundation"
C>>
C>>    (IASF).  The name intends to clearly express that this new legal
C>>    entity has only one single function, namely to provide the
C>>    administrative support of the IETF Standardization and Protocol
C>>    Development activities.  This entity will ultimately manage and
C>>    administer all the administrative functions that are needed to
C>>    support the IETF - the Standardization and Protocol Development
C>>    activity of ISOC.
C>>
        
C>> 3.1  Organizational Form and Legal Domicile
C>>
C>>    The consultant report [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] contains a
C>>    writeup on various choices in terms of how and where to
C>>    incorporate. This recommendation has made the choice to
C>>    incorporate in the US in the state of Virginia.  Some detail can
C>>    be found in Appendix B.
C>>
C>>    In this scenario, administrative support functions for the IETF
C>>    are legally housed in a focused, incorporated institution
C>>    (although the Administrative Director might be physically housed
C>>    within the Internet Society).
C>>
C>>    This scenario defines a number of concrete linkages with the
C>>    Internet Society, which supplement the current close
C>>    interconnection of the IETF community with ISOC.  The
C>>    relationship is to be documented in a MoU (initial text is in
C>>    Section 4).
C>>
C>> 3.2  Draft Core Principles
C>>
C>> 3.2.1  Principles of Establishment and Governance
C>>
C>>    The following principles are to be respected for the
C>>    establishment and governance of the IETF Administrative Support
C>>    Foundation (IASF) and are the basis for the Draft Articles of
C>>    Incorporation as in Section 6.1 and the Draft Bylaws as in
C>>    Section 6.2:
C>>
C>>    1.  The IASF shall be governed by a Board of Trustees (BoT), who
C>>        shall be responsible for the fiscal, legal, and
C>>        administrative infrastructure that supports the activities of
C>>        the IETF.
C>>
C>>    2.  The governance of the IETF, the standards process, and all
C>>        other aspects of how we make our standards are defined in the
C>>        procedural Best Current Practice (BCP) RFC series, which will
C>>        be explicitly referenced in the organization documents of the
C>>        IASF.
C>>
C>>    3.  The IASF shall be transparent and responsible to the IETF.
C>>
C>>    4.  The BoT shall appoint a Secretary and a Treasurer, who need
C>>        not be members of the BoT.  The IETF Administrative Director
C>>        (IAD) of the IASF shall provide staff support to the BoT.
C>>
        
C>> 3.1  Organizational Form and Legal Domicile
C>>
C>>    The consultant report [I-D.malamud-consultant-report] contains a
C>>    writeup on various choices in terms of how and where to
C>>    incorporate. This recommendation has made the choice to
C>>    incorporate in the US in the state of Virginia.  Some detail can
C>>    be found in Appendix B.
C>>
C>>    In this scenario, administrative support functions for the IETF
C>>    are legally housed in a focused, incorporated institution
C>>    (although the Administrative Director might be physically housed
C>>    within the Internet Society).
C>>
C>>    This scenario defines a number of concrete linkages with the
C>>    Internet Society, which supplement the current close
C>>    interconnection of the IETF community with ISOC.  The
C>>    relationship is to be documented in a MoU (initial text is in
C>>    Section 4).
C>>
C>> 3.2  Draft Core Principles
C>>
C>> 3.2.1  Principles of Establishment and Governance
C>>
C>>    The following principles are to be respected for the
C>>    establishment and governance of the IETF Administrative Support
C>>    Foundation (IASF) and are the basis for the Draft Articles of
C>>    Incorporation as in Section 6.1 and the Draft Bylaws as in
C>>    Section 6.2:
C>>
C>>    1.  The IASF shall be governed by a Board of Trustees (BoT), who
C>>        shall be responsible for the fiscal, legal, and
C>>        administrative infrastructure that supports the activities of
C>>        the IETF.
C>>
C>>    2.  The governance of the IETF, the standards process, and all
C>>        other aspects of how we make our standards are defined in the
C>>        procedural Best Current Practice (BCP) RFC series, which will
C>>        be explicitly referenced in the organization documents of the
C>>        IASF.
C>>
C>>    3.  The IASF shall be transparent and responsible to the IETF.
C>>
C>>    4.  The BoT shall appoint a Secretary and a Treasurer, who need
C>>        not be members of the BoT.  The IETF Administrative Director
C>>        (IAD) of the IASF shall provide staff support to the BoT.
C>>
        
C>>    5.  The BoT shall be composed to strike a balance between
C>>        "outside" and "inside" directors.  The IESG and IAB will each
C>>        select a representative to serve as a voting member of the
C>>        BoT. Mechanisms such as the Nominating Committee (Nomcom) and
C>>        the appointment of certain seats by the ISOC fulfill the
C>>        outside director obligations.
C>>
C>>    6.  IAB, IESG and ISOC will have liaisons to the BoT in order to
C>>        have a good basis for interaction.
C>>
C>>    The BoT will have strong governance over a limited scope of
C>>    activities (e.g., the fiscal, legal, and administrative
C>>    infrastructure that are the charter of the IASF) but will have no
C>>    authority over the IETF standards process.  In this board
C>>    composition, the ISOC and Nomcom appointments ensure that outside
C>>    directors with no perceived conflicts of interest are on the
C>>    board.
C>>
C>>    All nominating bodies should make strong fiscal, legal, and
C>>    administrative acumen essential selection criteria for this
C>>    position.
C>>
C>>    IAB and IESG representatives will serve for one year.  For other
C>>    appointments, a term proposed for the nominated positions is
C>>    three years with staggered appointments.  However, the nominating
C>>    body might have the power to change their appointee during their
C>>    term.
C>>
C>>    All members of the BoT selected by the IETF are subject to the
C>>    same recall procedures in effect for the IETF leadership such as
C>>    members of the IAB and IESG.
C>>
C>> 3.2.2  Principles of Operation of the IETF Administrative Support
C>>       Foundation
C>>
C>>    The following are general principles for the operation of the
C>>    IASF:
C>>
C>>    1.  The IASF shall employ an IETF Administrative Director (IAD)
C>>        of the IASF, who shall be hired by the BoT with the advice
C>>        and consent of the IESG and IAB.
C>>
C>>    2.  All support services shall be contracted in an open and
C>>        transparent manner.
C>>
        
C>>    5.  The BoT shall be composed to strike a balance between
C>>        "outside" and "inside" directors.  The IESG and IAB will each
C>>        select a representative to serve as a voting member of the
C>>        BoT. Mechanisms such as the Nominating Committee (Nomcom) and
C>>        the appointment of certain seats by the ISOC fulfill the
C>>        outside director obligations.
C>>
C>>    6.  IAB, IESG and ISOC will have liaisons to the BoT in order to
C>>        have a good basis for interaction.
C>>
C>>    The BoT will have strong governance over a limited scope of
C>>    activities (e.g., the fiscal, legal, and administrative
C>>    infrastructure that are the charter of the IASF) but will have no
C>>    authority over the IETF standards process.  In this board
C>>    composition, the ISOC and Nomcom appointments ensure that outside
C>>    directors with no perceived conflicts of interest are on the
C>>    board.
C>>
C>>    All nominating bodies should make strong fiscal, legal, and
C>>    administrative acumen essential selection criteria for this
C>>    position.
C>>
C>>    IAB and IESG representatives will serve for one year.  For other
C>>    appointments, a term proposed for the nominated positions is
C>>    three years with staggered appointments.  However, the nominating
C>>    body might have the power to change their appointee during their
C>>    term.
C>>
C>>    All members of the BoT selected by the IETF are subject to the
C>>    same recall procedures in effect for the IETF leadership such as
C>>    members of the IAB and IESG.
C>>
C>> 3.2.2  Principles of Operation of the IETF Administrative Support
C>>       Foundation
C>>
C>>    The following are general principles for the operation of the
C>>    IASF:
C>>
C>>    1.  The IASF shall employ an IETF Administrative Director (IAD)
C>>        of the IASF, who shall be hired by the BoT with the advice
C>>        and consent of the IESG and IAB.
C>>
C>>    2.  All support services shall be contracted in an open and
C>>        transparent manner.
C>>
        
C>>    3.  The IAD shall submit a proposed annual budget to the BoT at
C>>        least 90 days before the beginning of the fiscal year.  Such
C>>        budget shall be developed with the advice and consent of the
C>>        IAB and IESG.
C>>
C>>    4.  The IAD shall serve on the BoT as a non-voting, ex-officio
C>>        member.
C>>
C>>    5.  The BoT shall select a professional audit firm and shall
C>>        commission an audit immediately upon the close of each fiscal
C>>        year.
C>>
C>>    6.  The IASF will conduct financial reporting in a fully
C>>        transparent fashion.  Audits shall be conducted promptly and
C>>        published.  Tax returns shall be published.  Detailed
C>>        financial statements will be published on a regular basis,
C>>        including timely reports on the financial results of IETF
C>>        meetings.
C>>
C>> 4.  Draft MoU between ISOC, IETF and IETF Administrative Support
C>>    Foundation
C>>
C>> 4.1  Form and Scope of the Agreement
C>>
C>>    This section presents some principles to be incorporated in a
C>>    draft MoU/Contract between the Internet Society (ISOC) and the
C>>    IETF Administrative Support Foundation (IASF), detailing the work
C>>    each is expected to perform, the responsibilities each has, and
C>>    the means by which these functions are accomplished.  This
C>>    MoU/Contract shall be published as an RFC.
C>>
C>>    The MoU/Contract will specify the responsibilities of the
C>>    Internet Society, including:
C>>
C>>    o  Reaffirmation of the Standards Process Function that ISOC
C>>       performs for the IETF.
C>>
C>>    o  Continuation of the Fund Raising Function that ISOC conducts,
C>>       in which a single, unified campaign is used to solicit
C>>       corporate, individual,  and other organizational donations for
C>>       funding of the 3 Pillars.
C>>
C>>    o  Disbursement of funds to the IASF according to the agreed-upon
C>>       budgets and processes as specified in this agreement.
C>>
C>>    o  Verification that IASF spends these funds to support the work
C>>       of the IETF, within the scope described in the IASF bylaws.
C>>
        
C>>    3.  The IAD shall submit a proposed annual budget to the BoT at
C>>        least 90 days before the beginning of the fiscal year.  Such
C>>        budget shall be developed with the advice and consent of the
C>>        IAB and IESG.
C>>
C>>    4.  The IAD shall serve on the BoT as a non-voting, ex-officio
C>>        member.
C>>
C>>    5.  The BoT shall select a professional audit firm and shall
C>>        commission an audit immediately upon the close of each fiscal
C>>        year.
C>>
C>>    6.  The IASF will conduct financial reporting in a fully
C>>        transparent fashion.  Audits shall be conducted promptly and
C>>        published.  Tax returns shall be published.  Detailed
C>>        financial statements will be published on a regular basis,
C>>        including timely reports on the financial results of IETF
C>>        meetings.
C>>
C>> 4.  Draft MoU between ISOC, IETF and IETF Administrative Support
C>>    Foundation
C>>
C>> 4.1  Form and Scope of the Agreement
C>>
C>>    This section presents some principles to be incorporated in a
C>>    draft MoU/Contract between the Internet Society (ISOC) and the
C>>    IETF Administrative Support Foundation (IASF), detailing the work
C>>    each is expected to perform, the responsibilities each has, and
C>>    the means by which these functions are accomplished.  This
C>>    MoU/Contract shall be published as an RFC.
C>>
C>>    The MoU/Contract will specify the responsibilities of the
C>>    Internet Society, including:
C>>
C>>    o  Reaffirmation of the Standards Process Function that ISOC
C>>       performs for the IETF.
C>>
C>>    o  Continuation of the Fund Raising Function that ISOC conducts,
C>>       in which a single, unified campaign is used to solicit
C>>       corporate, individual,  and other organizational donations for
C>>       funding of the 3 Pillars.
C>>
C>>    o  Disbursement of funds to the IASF according to the agreed-upon
C>>       budgets and processes as specified in this agreement.
C>>
C>>    o  Verification that IASF spends these funds to support the work
C>>       of the IETF, within the scope described in the IASF bylaws.
C>>
        
C>>    Responsibilities of IASF:
C>>
C>>    o  Determine, in cooperation with the IETF, the support functions
C>>       that are needed for the IETF, and can be achieved within
C>>       available funds.
C>>
C>>    o  Enter into contracts for these support functions.
C>>
C>>    o  Supervise these contracts and ensure that they are being
C>>       performed in the best interest of the IETF, within a
C>>       reasonable budget and with agreed-upon performance.
C>>
C>> 4.2  Cooperation mechanism
C>>
C>>    IASF and ISOC agree that they will perform a budgeting procedure
C>>    each year, comprising the following steps:
C>>
C>>    o  IASF puts together a budget proposal to ISOC, and presents it
C>>       in June.  This will specify the functions that need to be
C>>       performed, the cost of each, the expected revenue from IETF
C>>       meeting participation, and how much is being requested for
C>>       ISOC to contribute.
C>>
C>>    o  By the end of August, ISOC will give a budget number to IASF
C>>       that says how much ISOC is willing to contribute to support
C>>       the functions described in the IASF budget.
C>>
C>>    o  Before November 1, ISOC and IASF will agree on a budget, an
C>>       ISOC contribution, and a disbursement schedule.
C>>
C>>    o  If either party sees that there is reason to change the
C>>       budget, they can start a negotiation to do so at any time.  On
C>>       mutual agreement to a change, payments are modified
C>>       accordingly.
C>>
C>>    o  ISOC may withhold funds if IASF fails to account for its
C>>       expenditures, if it determines that IASF has departed
C>>       significantly from its budgeted expenditures without agreement
C>>       with ISOC to do so, or if ISOC determines that IASF is
C>>       spending funds in violation of its bylaws.
C>>
        
C>>    Responsibilities of IASF:
C>>
C>>    o  Determine, in cooperation with the IETF, the support functions
C>>       that are needed for the IETF, and can be achieved within
C>>       available funds.
C>>
C>>    o  Enter into contracts for these support functions.
C>>
C>>    o  Supervise these contracts and ensure that they are being
C>>       performed in the best interest of the IETF, within a
C>>       reasonable budget and with agreed-upon performance.
C>>
C>> 4.2  Cooperation mechanism
C>>
C>>    IASF and ISOC agree that they will perform a budgeting procedure
C>>    each year, comprising the following steps:
C>>
C>>    o  IASF puts together a budget proposal to ISOC, and presents it
C>>       in June.  This will specify the functions that need to be
C>>       performed, the cost of each, the expected revenue from IETF
C>>       meeting participation, and how much is being requested for
C>>       ISOC to contribute.
C>>
C>>    o  By the end of August, ISOC will give a budget number to IASF
C>>       that says how much ISOC is willing to contribute to support
C>>       the functions described in the IASF budget.
C>>
C>>    o  Before November 1, ISOC and IASF will agree on a budget, an
C>>       ISOC contribution, and a disbursement schedule.
C>>
C>>    o  If either party sees that there is reason to change the
C>>       budget, they can start a negotiation to do so at any time.  On
C>>       mutual agreement to a change, payments are modified
C>>       accordingly.
C>>
C>>    o  ISOC may withhold funds if IASF fails to account for its
C>>       expenditures, if it determines that IASF has departed
C>>       significantly from its budgeted expenditures without agreement
C>>       with ISOC to do so, or if ISOC determines that IASF is
C>>       spending funds in violation of its bylaws.
C>>
        
C>> 4.3  Promises Not to Do Things
C>>
C>>    This section lays out things that would constitute interference
C>>    in each others' business, or things that are Just Plain Wrong.
C>>
C>>    In legal terms, these are called "covenants."
C>>
C>>    ISOC will not place requirements on how IASF does business,
C>>    except on reporting.  It will, for instance, not attempt to
C>>    influence IASF choice of contractors or choice of meeting
C>>    sponsors.  This restriction is meant to enforce the separation
C>>    between fund raising and the actual operation of the standards
C>>    process.
C>>
C>>    IASF will not ask companies for money.  IASF may ask for sponsors
C>>    for IETF events, per tradition, and may accept zero-cost provider
C>>    contracts or in-kind donations, but ISOC is the organization
C>>    charged with fundraising.
C>>
C>>    Neither ISOC nor IASF will attempt to influence technical
C>>    decisions of the IETF standards process.
C>>
C>> 4.4  Initial contribution
C>>
C>>    The Internet Society has already allocated $700,000 in transition
C>>    funds.  As part of the formation process, this section sets out a
C>>    way that a 2005 allocation of funds and an initial contribution
C>>    for startup can be decided upon.  NOTE: This section is a GUESS!
C>>    Its purpose is to give some sense of where we're at.
C>>
C>>    If this plan is pursued, one of the first activities is to put
C>>    together a detailed 2005 budget, including an analysis of cash
C>>    flow and balance sheets to make sure that the organization is
C>>    properly funded and will be solvent throughout the year.  This
C>>    planning process should project out 3 years and show how the
C>>    organization will be able to accumulate the appropriate cash
C>>    reserve to make sure operations can continue in a stable manner.
C>>
C>>    An initial estimate is for an on-going annual contribution of USD
C>>    900.000 to IASF in 2005.  In addition, ISOC will contribute an
C>>    additional USD 600.000 as an initial fund to start up IASF,
C>>    payable after the Board of Trustees is seated and this contract
C>>    is signed and approved by the IETF.
C>>
C>>    ISOC commits to this ongoing level of contribution (USD 75.000
C>>    per month) for the lifetime of this contract, unless modified by
C>>    mutual agreement.
C>>
        
C>> 4.3  Promises Not to Do Things
C>>
C>>    This section lays out things that would constitute interference
C>>    in each others' business, or things that are Just Plain Wrong.
C>>
C>>    In legal terms, these are called "covenants."
C>>
C>>    ISOC will not place requirements on how IASF does business,
C>>    except on reporting.  It will, for instance, not attempt to
C>>    influence IASF choice of contractors or choice of meeting
C>>    sponsors.  This restriction is meant to enforce the separation
C>>    between fund raising and the actual operation of the standards
C>>    process.
C>>
C>>    IASF will not ask companies for money.  IASF may ask for sponsors
C>>    for IETF events, per tradition, and may accept zero-cost provider
C>>    contracts or in-kind donations, but ISOC is the organization
C>>    charged with fundraising.
C>>
C>>    Neither ISOC nor IASF will attempt to influence technical
C>>    decisions of the IETF standards process.
C>>
C>> 4.4  Initial contribution
C>>
C>>    The Internet Society has already allocated $700,000 in transition
C>>    funds.  As part of the formation process, this section sets out a
C>>    way that a 2005 allocation of funds and an initial contribution
C>>    for startup can be decided upon.  NOTE: This section is a GUESS!
C>>    Its purpose is to give some sense of where we're at.
C>>
C>>    If this plan is pursued, one of the first activities is to put
C>>    together a detailed 2005 budget, including an analysis of cash
C>>    flow and balance sheets to make sure that the organization is
C>>    properly funded and will be solvent throughout the year.  This
C>>    planning process should project out 3 years and show how the
C>>    organization will be able to accumulate the appropriate cash
C>>    reserve to make sure operations can continue in a stable manner.
C>>
C>>    An initial estimate is for an on-going annual contribution of USD
C>>    900.000 to IASF in 2005.  In addition, ISOC will contribute an
C>>    additional USD 600.000 as an initial fund to start up IASF,
C>>    payable after the Board of Trustees is seated and this contract
C>>    is signed and approved by the IETF.
C>>
C>>    ISOC commits to this ongoing level of contribution (USD 75.000
C>>    per month) for the lifetime of this contract, unless modified by
C>>    mutual agreement.
C>>
        
C>> 4.5  Termination, law and so on
C>>
C>>    This agreement may be terminated by either party for any reason
C>>    on 12 months' notice.
C>>
C>>    The parties may reach mutual agreement on a shorter termination
C>>    period.
C>>
C>>    All conflicts under this agreement are to be adjudicated under
C>>    the laws of the United States and the State of Virginia, however
C>>    the parties may also agree to arbitration, mediation or any other
C>>    conflict resolution mechanisms.
C>>
C>> 5.  Notes and Explanations
C>>
C>>    This is where we put down why things are the way they are.
C>>
C>> 5.1  Type of legal instrument
C>>
C>>    This document is styled as a contract - an agreement between two
C>>    parties, enforceable under law.  An alternate formulation would
C>>    be a Memorandum of Understanding - but we want it to be clear to
C>>    everyone that the parties stand behind their responsibilities
C>>    under this document.  At the moment, the authors see no
C>>    compelling arguments for not making it a contract.  In either
C>>    case, the document is published as an RFC.
C>>
C>> 5.2  Power Balance
C>>
C>>    As written, it is designed to make it easy to do the right thing
C>>    as long as the parties agree what that is, to make it clear that
C>>    ISOC will continue to pay money as long as IASF does the Right
C>>    Thing (and reports what it's doing), and that ISOC can stop the
C>>    show quickly if it's clear that IASF is not doing the Right
C>>    Thing.
C>>
C>> 5.3  Budget figures
C>>
C>>    The main purpose of the numbers is to make it clear that there
C>>    WILL be numbers in this contract, and that it WILL represent a
C>>    solid commitment by ISOC.  The numbers are "subject to change
C>>    without notice" while this contract is negotiated.
C>>
        
C>> 4.5  Termination, law and so on
C>>
C>>    This agreement may be terminated by either party for any reason
C>>    on 12 months' notice.
C>>
C>>    The parties may reach mutual agreement on a shorter termination
C>>    period.
C>>
C>>    All conflicts under this agreement are to be adjudicated under
C>>    the laws of the United States and the State of Virginia, however
C>>    the parties may also agree to arbitration, mediation or any other
C>>    conflict resolution mechanisms.
C>>
C>> 5.  Notes and Explanations
C>>
C>>    This is where we put down why things are the way they are.
C>>
C>> 5.1  Type of legal instrument
C>>
C>>    This document is styled as a contract - an agreement between two
C>>    parties, enforceable under law.  An alternate formulation would
C>>    be a Memorandum of Understanding - but we want it to be clear to
C>>    everyone that the parties stand behind their responsibilities
C>>    under this document.  At the moment, the authors see no
C>>    compelling arguments for not making it a contract.  In either
C>>    case, the document is published as an RFC.
C>>
C>> 5.2  Power Balance
C>>
C>>    As written, it is designed to make it easy to do the right thing
C>>    as long as the parties agree what that is, to make it clear that
C>>    ISOC will continue to pay money as long as IASF does the Right
C>>    Thing (and reports what it's doing), and that ISOC can stop the
C>>    show quickly if it's clear that IASF is not doing the Right
C>>    Thing.
C>>
C>> 5.3  Budget figures
C>>
C>>    The main purpose of the numbers is to make it clear that there
C>>    WILL be numbers in this contract, and that it WILL represent a
C>>    solid commitment by ISOC.  The numbers are "subject to change
C>>    without notice" while this contract is negotiated.
C>>
        
C>> 6.  Draft Incorporating Documents for the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation
C>>
C>> 6.1  Draft Articles of Incorporation
C>>
C>>    This section contains standard, pro-forma Articles of
C>>    Incorporation. Note well that tax lawyers often make significant
C>>    alterations to standard Articles as they consider a 501(c)(3)
C>>    application.  They are included here merely as a sample for
C>>    illustrative purposes only.
C>>
C>>    'Commonwealth of Virginia -- State Corporation Commission'|
C>>    'Articles of Incorporation -- Virginia Nonstock Corporation'|
C>>    Form SCC819, 07/ 03 [1] ------
C>>
C>>    The undersigned, pursuant to Chapter 10 of Title 13.1 of the Code
C>>    of Virginia, [Virginia] state(s) as follows:
C>>
C>>    1.  The name of the corporation is The IETF Administrative
C>>        Support Foundation.
C>>
C>>    2.  The corporation shall have no members.
C>>
C>>    3.  The purpose of the corporation is to manage and administer
C>>        all the administrative functions for the IETF - the
C>>        Standardization and Protocol Development activity of the
C>>        Internet Society.
C>>
C>>    4.  The Trustees of the corporation shall be elected or appointed
C>>        as specified in Article IV (Section 6.2.5) of the Bylaws.
C>>
C>>    5.  Name and agent:
C>>
C>>        A.  The name of the corporation's initial registered agent
C>>            is: XXX
C>>
C>>        B.  The initial registered agent is a domestic or foreign
C>>            stock or nonstock corporation, limited liability company,
C>>            or registered limited liability partnership authorized to
C>>            transact business in Virginia.
C>>
C>>    6.  The initial Trustees are: XXX
C>>
C>>    7.  The incorporators are: XXX
C>>
        
C>> 6.  Draft Incorporating Documents for the IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation
C>>
C>> 6.1  Draft Articles of Incorporation
C>>
C>>    This section contains standard, pro-forma Articles of
C>>    Incorporation. Note well that tax lawyers often make significant
C>>    alterations to standard Articles as they consider a 501(c)(3)
C>>    application.  They are included here merely as a sample for
C>>    illustrative purposes only.
C>>
C>>    'Commonwealth of Virginia -- State Corporation Commission'|
C>>    'Articles of Incorporation -- Virginia Nonstock Corporation'|
C>>    Form SCC819, 07/ 03 [1] ------
C>>
C>>    The undersigned, pursuant to Chapter 10 of Title 13.1 of the Code
C>>    of Virginia, [Virginia] state(s) as follows:
C>>
C>>    1.  The name of the corporation is The IETF Administrative
C>>        Support Foundation.
C>>
C>>    2.  The corporation shall have no members.
C>>
C>>    3.  The purpose of the corporation is to manage and administer
C>>        all the administrative functions for the IETF - the
C>>        Standardization and Protocol Development activity of the
C>>        Internet Society.
C>>
C>>    4.  The Trustees of the corporation shall be elected or appointed
C>>        as specified in Article IV (Section 6.2.5) of the Bylaws.
C>>
C>>    5.  Name and agent:
C>>
C>>        A.  The name of the corporation's initial registered agent
C>>            is: XXX
C>>
C>>        B.  The initial registered agent is a domestic or foreign
C>>            stock or nonstock corporation, limited liability company,
C>>            or registered limited liability partnership authorized to
C>>            transact business in Virginia.
C>>
C>>    6.  The initial Trustees are: XXX
C>>
C>>    7.  The incorporators are: XXX
C>>
        
C>> 6.2  Draft Bylaws of the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    As with the Draft Articles, the Draft Bylaws included here are a
C>>    pro-forma, standard version.  Substantial alteration may be
C>>    required as legal counsel reviews the specific nature of an
C>>    incorporation.
C>>
C>> 6.2.1  Article I: Organization
C>>
C>>    The name of the Corporation shall be The IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (which is hereinafter also referred to as the
C>>    "IASF").
C>>
C>> 6.2.2  Article II: Purpose
C>>
C>>    *Section 1: Purpose.* The IASF shall be operated exclusively for
C>>    nonprofit educational, charitable, and scientific purposes,
C>>    including, without limitation, the purposes stated in the IASF's
C>>    Articles of Incorporation.
C>>
C>>    *Section 2: Restrictions.* No part of the net earnings of the
C>>    IASF shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to,
C>>    private persons, except that the IASF shall be authorized and
C>>    empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered,
C>>    and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the
C>>    purposes set forth in Article II, Section 1 hereof.  Any other
C>>    provision of these Bylaws to the contrary notwithstanding, the
C>>    IASF shall not carry on any activities not permitted to be
C>>    carried on by a corporation exempt from Federal Income Tax under
C>>    Section 501(a) and Section 501(c)(3) of the Code.  These Bylaws
C>>    shall not be altered or amended in derogation of the provisions
C>>    of this Section.
C>>
C>> 6.2.3  Article III: Members
C>>
C>>    The IASF shall have no members and no stockholders.
C>>
C>> 6.2.4  Article IV: Offices
C>>
C>>    The office of the IASF shall be as determined from time to time
C>>    by the Board of Trustees (BoT) within or outside of the State of
C>>    Virginia.
C>>
C>> 6.2.5  Article V: Board of Trustees
C>>
C>>    *Section 1: Authority and Responsibilities.* The power,
C>>    authority, property, and affairs of the IASF shall at all times
C>>    be exclusively exercised, controlled, and conducted by or under
        
C>> 6.2  Draft Bylaws of the IETF Administrative Support Foundation
C>>
C>>    As with the Draft Articles, the Draft Bylaws included here are a
C>>    pro-forma, standard version.  Substantial alteration may be
C>>    required as legal counsel reviews the specific nature of an
C>>    incorporation.
C>>
C>> 6.2.1  Article I: Organization
C>>
C>>    The name of the Corporation shall be The IETF Administrative
C>>    Support Foundation (which is hereinafter also referred to as the
C>>    "IASF").
C>>
C>> 6.2.2  Article II: Purpose
C>>
C>>    *Section 1: Purpose.* The IASF shall be operated exclusively for
C>>    nonprofit educational, charitable, and scientific purposes,
C>>    including, without limitation, the purposes stated in the IASF's
C>>    Articles of Incorporation.
C>>
C>>    *Section 2: Restrictions.* No part of the net earnings of the
C>>    IASF shall inure to the benefit of, or be distributable to,
C>>    private persons, except that the IASF shall be authorized and
C>>    empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered,
C>>    and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the
C>>    purposes set forth in Article II, Section 1 hereof.  Any other
C>>    provision of these Bylaws to the contrary notwithstanding, the
C>>    IASF shall not carry on any activities not permitted to be
C>>    carried on by a corporation exempt from Federal Income Tax under
C>>    Section 501(a) and Section 501(c)(3) of the Code.  These Bylaws
C>>    shall not be altered or amended in derogation of the provisions
C>>    of this Section.
C>>
C>> 6.2.3  Article III: Members
C>>
C>>    The IASF shall have no members and no stockholders.
C>>
C>> 6.2.4  Article IV: Offices
C>>
C>>    The office of the IASF shall be as determined from time to time
C>>    by the Board of Trustees (BoT) within or outside of the State of
C>>    Virginia.
C>>
C>> 6.2.5  Article V: Board of Trustees
C>>
C>>    *Section 1: Authority and Responsibilities.* The power,
C>>    authority, property, and affairs of the IASF shall at all times
C>>    be exclusively exercised, controlled, and conducted by or under
        
C>>    the authority of the Board of Trustees (BoT) subject to any
C>>    limitations set forth in the Articles of Incorporation and in
C>>    accordance with the Virginia Nonstock Corporation Act as it now
C>>    exists or hereafter may be amended.
C>>
C>>    *Section 2: Board of Trustees Composition.* The Board of Trustees
C>>    shall consist of seven (7) Trustees.
C>>
C>>       One (1) Trustee will be selected by the IAB.
C>>
C>>       One (1) Trustee will be selected by the IESG.
C>>
C>>       Two (2) Trustees will be selected by the Internet Society.
C>>
C>>       Three (3) Trustees will be selected by the IETF community.
C>>
C>>    The IAB chair and IETF chair will functions as liaisons from the
C>>    IAB and IESG respectively to the Board of Trustees.  The chair
C>>    and president of the Internet Society will function as liaisons
C>>    from the ISOC to the Board of Trustees.
C>>
C>>    *Section 3: Terms.* The term of office of IESG and IAB Selected
C>>    Trustees shall be one (1) year or until their successors have
C>>    been selected and assume office.  The term of office of otherwise
C>>    Selected Trustees shall be three (3) years or until their
C>>    successors have been selected and assume office.  Selected
C>>    Trustees may be selected to serve multiple terms.
C>>
C>>    *Section 4: Selection of the Board of Trustee*
C>>
C>>    1.  *Selection of IESG and IAB Selected Trustees.* The IESG and
C>>        IAB shall each select one representative Trustee, who is not
C>>        at the same time an IESG or IAB member.
C>>
C>>    2.  *Selection of otherwise Selected Trustees.* Three (3) IETF
C>>        Selected Trustees shall be selected by the IETF nominations
C>>        process (as defined in [RFC3777] or its successor) and
C>>        confirmed by the IESG.  Two ISOC Selected Trustees shall be
C>>        selected by the Internet Society using means of their own
C>>        choosing.
C>>
C>>    3.  *Resignation.* A Selected Trustee may resign by delivering
C>>        his resignation in writing to the IASF at its principal
C>>        office or to the Secretary of the IASF.  Such resignation
C>>        shall be effective upon its receipt or upon such date (if
C>>        any) as is stated in such resignation, unless otherwise
C>>        determined by the Board.
C>>
        
C>>    the authority of the Board of Trustees (BoT) subject to any
C>>    limitations set forth in the Articles of Incorporation and in
C>>    accordance with the Virginia Nonstock Corporation Act as it now
C>>    exists or hereafter may be amended.
C>>
C>>    *Section 2: Board of Trustees Composition.* The Board of Trustees
C>>    shall consist of seven (7) Trustees.
C>>
C>>       One (1) Trustee will be selected by the IAB.
C>>
C>>       One (1) Trustee will be selected by the IESG.
C>>
C>>       Two (2) Trustees will be selected by the Internet Society.
C>>
C>>       Three (3) Trustees will be selected by the IETF community.
C>>
C>>    The IAB chair and IETF chair will functions as liaisons from the
C>>    IAB and IESG respectively to the Board of Trustees.  The chair
C>>    and president of the Internet Society will function as liaisons
C>>    from the ISOC to the Board of Trustees.
C>>
C>>    *Section 3: Terms.* The term of office of IESG and IAB Selected
C>>    Trustees shall be one (1) year or until their successors have
C>>    been selected and assume office.  The term of office of otherwise
C>>    Selected Trustees shall be three (3) years or until their
C>>    successors have been selected and assume office.  Selected
C>>    Trustees may be selected to serve multiple terms.
C>>
C>>    *Section 4: Selection of the Board of Trustee*
C>>
C>>    1.  *Selection of IESG and IAB Selected Trustees.* The IESG and
C>>        IAB shall each select one representative Trustee, who is not
C>>        at the same time an IESG or IAB member.
C>>
C>>    2.  *Selection of otherwise Selected Trustees.* Three (3) IETF
C>>        Selected Trustees shall be selected by the IETF nominations
C>>        process (as defined in [RFC3777] or its successor) and
C>>        confirmed by the IESG.  Two ISOC Selected Trustees shall be
C>>        selected by the Internet Society using means of their own
C>>        choosing.
C>>
C>>    3.  *Resignation.* A Selected Trustee may resign by delivering
C>>        his resignation in writing to the IASF at its principal
C>>        office or to the Secretary of the IASF.  Such resignation
C>>        shall be effective upon its receipt or upon such date (if
C>>        any) as is stated in such resignation, unless otherwise
C>>        determined by the Board.
C>>
        
C>>    4.  *Removal.* A Selected Trustee selected by the IETF
C>>        nominations process may be removed from office at any time
C>>        using the procedures specified in [RFC3777] or its successor.
C>>        A Selected Trustee selected by the Internet Society may be
C>>        removed by the Internet Society using means of their own
C>>        choosing.
C>>
C>>    5.  *Vacancies.* Any vacancy in the Board of Trustees shall be
C>>        filled using the procedures set forth above on the
C>>        composition of the Board of Trustees.  The Trustees shall
C>>        have and may exercise all of their powers notwithstanding the
C>>        existence of one or more vacancies in their number.
C>>
C>>    *Section 5: Quorum.* A majority (i.e.  fifty (50) percent plus
C>>    one (1)) of the Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the
C>>    transaction of business.  Unless otherwise stated in these
C>>
C>>    Bylaws, decisions of the Board of Trustees shall be made by the
C>>    concurrence of a majority of members of the Board of Trustees
C>>    present and voting.  If at any meeting there is no quorum
C>>    present, the Board must not transact business.
C>>
C>>    *Section 6: Compensation and Reimbursement.* No member of the
C>>    Board of Trustees may receive compensation for his or her
C>>    services as a Trustee.  A Trustee shall, at their request, be
C>>    reimbursed for actual, necessary and reasonable travel and
C>>    subsistence expenses incurred by them in performance of their
C>>    duties.
C>>
C>>    *Section 7: Meetings.* The Board of Trustees shall meet at least
C>>    twice annually.
C>>
C>>    1.  *Written notice, waiver, action.* Wherever the text below
C>>        speaks of "written" it is also permitted to use e-mail.
C>>
C>>    2.  *Annual Meeting.* The Board of Trustees shall hold a public
C>>        Annual Meeting at a time and place associated with the first
C>>        IETF meeting each year.  This Annual meeting shall be open to
C>>        all IETF attendees except that the parts of the meeting
C>>        dealing with personnel issues may be held in executive
C>>        session.
C>>
C>>    3.  *Meeting Types, Methods, and Notice.* Meetings of the Board
C>>        may be held from time to time at such intervals and at such
C>>        places as may be fixed by the Board.  Meetings of the Board
C>>        may be held only in person or via teleconference.  Notice of
C>>        all regular meetings of the Board shall be delivered to each
C>>        Trustee by e-mail or by postal mail and announced on the
        
C>>    4.  *Removal.* A Selected Trustee selected by the IETF
C>>        nominations process may be removed from office at any time
C>>        using the procedures specified in [RFC3777] or its successor.
C>>        A Selected Trustee selected by the Internet Society may be
C>>        removed by the Internet Society using means of their own
C>>        choosing.
C>>
C>>    5.  *Vacancies.* Any vacancy in the Board of Trustees shall be
C>>        filled using the procedures set forth above on the
C>>        composition of the Board of Trustees.  The Trustees shall
C>>        have and may exercise all of their powers notwithstanding the
C>>        existence of one or more vacancies in their number.
C>>
C>>    *Section 5: Quorum.* A majority (i.e.  fifty (50) percent plus
C>>    one (1)) of the Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the
C>>    transaction of business.  Unless otherwise stated in these
C>>
C>>    Bylaws, decisions of the Board of Trustees shall be made by the
C>>    concurrence of a majority of members of the Board of Trustees
C>>    present and voting.  If at any meeting there is no quorum
C>>    present, the Board must not transact business.
C>>
C>>    *Section 6: Compensation and Reimbursement.* No member of the
C>>    Board of Trustees may receive compensation for his or her
C>>    services as a Trustee.  A Trustee shall, at their request, be
C>>    reimbursed for actual, necessary and reasonable travel and
C>>    subsistence expenses incurred by them in performance of their
C>>    duties.
C>>
C>>    *Section 7: Meetings.* The Board of Trustees shall meet at least
C>>    twice annually.
C>>
C>>    1.  *Written notice, waiver, action.* Wherever the text below
C>>        speaks of "written" it is also permitted to use e-mail.
C>>
C>>    2.  *Annual Meeting.* The Board of Trustees shall hold a public
C>>        Annual Meeting at a time and place associated with the first
C>>        IETF meeting each year.  This Annual meeting shall be open to
C>>        all IETF attendees except that the parts of the meeting
C>>        dealing with personnel issues may be held in executive
C>>        session.
C>>
C>>    3.  *Meeting Types, Methods, and Notice.* Meetings of the Board
C>>        may be held from time to time at such intervals and at such
C>>        places as may be fixed by the Board.  Meetings of the Board
C>>        may be held only in person or via teleconference.  Notice of
C>>        all regular meetings of the Board shall be delivered to each
C>>        Trustee by e-mail or by postal mail and announced on the
        
C>>        IETF-Announce list at least ten (10) calendar days before the
C>>        meeting.  Special meetings of the Board may be called for any
C>>        purpose at any time by the Chairman of the Board or by any
C>>        three (3) Trustees. Notice of any special meeting shall state
C>>        the purpose of the meeting.  A Trustee may waive notice of a
C>>        meeting of the Board of Trustees by submitting a signed,
C>>        written waiver of notice, either before or after the meeting.
C>>        A Trustee's attendance at or participation in a meeting
C>>        waives any required notice of the meeting unless at the start
C>>        of such meeting or promptly upon arrival the Trustee objects
C>>        to holding the meeting or transacting business at the
C>>        meeting, and does not thereafter vote for or assent to action
C>>        taken at the meeting.
C>>
C>>    4.  *Actions Taken By the Board of Trustees Without Meeting.* Any
C>>        action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of
C>>        the Board of Trustees may be taken without a meeting if all
C>>
C>>        Trustees consent in writing to such action.  Such action
C>>        shall be evidenced by written consents approving the lack of
C>>        a meeting, signed by each Trustee.
C>>
C>>    *Section 8: Board Committees.* The Trustees may elect or appoint
C>>    one or more committees (including but not limited to an Executive
C>>    Committee) and may delegate to any such committee or committees
C>>    any or all of their powers, provided that any committee to which
C>>    the powers of the Trustees are delegated shall consist solely of
C>>    Trustees.  Committees shall conduct their affairs in the same
C>>    manner as is provided in these By Laws for the Trustees.  The
C>>    members of any committee shall remain in office at the pleasure
C>>    of the Board of Trustees.
C>>
C>>    *Section 9: Trustee Member Conflict of Interest.*
C>>
C>>    1.  As set forth in Section 9(3) below, a Trustee of the IETF
C>>        Administrative Support Foundation (IASF) who has a personal
C>>        interest in a transaction, as defined below, may not
C>>        participate in any discussion of that transaction by the
C>>        Trustees of The IASF and may not vote to determine whether to
C>>        authorize, approve, or ratify that transaction except as
C>>        specifically described below. For purposes of these Bylaws, a
C>>        "personal interest" is defined as any act that will provide,
C>>        directly or indirectly, a financial benefit or a disparate
C>>        benefit individually to the Trustee, or to a company he or
C>>        she is employed by, has a significant financial interest in,
C>>        or represents in any fashion.  However, policies under
C>>        consideration by the IASF are likely to have an impact on the
C>>        business of every Trustee.  It is expected that most policy
        
C>>        IETF-Announce list at least ten (10) calendar days before the
C>>        meeting.  Special meetings of the Board may be called for any
C>>        purpose at any time by the Chairman of the Board or by any
C>>        three (3) Trustees. Notice of any special meeting shall state
C>>        the purpose of the meeting.  A Trustee may waive notice of a
C>>        meeting of the Board of Trustees by submitting a signed,
C>>        written waiver of notice, either before or after the meeting.
C>>        A Trustee's attendance at or participation in a meeting
C>>        waives any required notice of the meeting unless at the start
C>>        of such meeting or promptly upon arrival the Trustee objects
C>>        to holding the meeting or transacting business at the
C>>        meeting, and does not thereafter vote for or assent to action
C>>        taken at the meeting.
C>>
C>>    4.  *Actions Taken By the Board of Trustees Without Meeting.* Any
C>>        action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of
C>>        the Board of Trustees may be taken without a meeting if all
C>>
C>>        Trustees consent in writing to such action.  Such action
C>>        shall be evidenced by written consents approving the lack of
C>>        a meeting, signed by each Trustee.
C>>
C>>    *Section 8: Board Committees.* The Trustees may elect or appoint
C>>    one or more committees (including but not limited to an Executive
C>>    Committee) and may delegate to any such committee or committees
C>>    any or all of their powers, provided that any committee to which
C>>    the powers of the Trustees are delegated shall consist solely of
C>>    Trustees.  Committees shall conduct their affairs in the same
C>>    manner as is provided in these By Laws for the Trustees.  The
C>>    members of any committee shall remain in office at the pleasure
C>>    of the Board of Trustees.
C>>
C>>    *Section 9: Trustee Member Conflict of Interest.*
C>>
C>>    1.  As set forth in Section 9(3) below, a Trustee of the IETF
C>>        Administrative Support Foundation (IASF) who has a personal
C>>        interest in a transaction, as defined below, may not
C>>        participate in any discussion of that transaction by the
C>>        Trustees of The IASF and may not vote to determine whether to
C>>        authorize, approve, or ratify that transaction except as
C>>        specifically described below. For purposes of these Bylaws, a
C>>        "personal interest" is defined as any act that will provide,
C>>        directly or indirectly, a financial benefit or a disparate
C>>        benefit individually to the Trustee, or to a company he or
C>>        she is employed by, has a significant financial interest in,
C>>        or represents in any fashion.  However, policies under
C>>        consideration by the IASF are likely to have an impact on the
C>>        business of every Trustee.  It is expected that most policy
        
C>>        decisions will have a direct or indirect impact on the
C>>        Trustee's company, but such a non-individualized interest
C>>        does not constitute a "personal interest" as used in these
C>>        Bylaws.  A "transaction" with The IASF for purposes of these
C>>        Bylaws is a contract or consultancy in which the Trustee has
C>>        a direct or indirect financial benefit, or a policy under
C>>        consideration that will have a disparate and unusual impact
C>>        on a business with which the Trustee is directly or
C>>        indirectly associated.
C>>
C>>    2.  The mere existence of a personal interest by a Trustee of The
C>>        IASF in a transaction with the IASF shall not invalidate the
C>>        IASF's ability to enter that transaction so long as the
C>>        following conditions are met: (i) the material facts of the
C>>        personal nature of the transaction with The IASF and the
C>>        Trustee's interest in the transaction with the IASF are fully
C>>        disclosed to the Board of Trustees of the IASF, either by the
C>>        Trustee having a direct or indirect personal interest in the
C>>
C>>        transaction with the IASF, or are brought to the attention of
C>>        the Board by a third party; or (ii) the BoT of the IASF, by a
C>>        vote of the Trustees (without a conflict of interest) of the
C>>        IASF vote to authorize, approve, or ratify a transaction with
C>>        the IASF; or (iii) the transaction with the IASF in which the
C>>        direct or indirect personal interest of a IASF Trustee was
C>>        disclosed to the BoT of The IASF and was determined by the
C>>        BoT of the IASF entitled to vote on the matter is determined
C>>        by the BoT voting to be in the IASF's interests,
C>>        notwithstanding the personal interest of the non-voting
C>>        Trustee.
C>>
C>>    3.  In determining whether a conflict of interest exists, the BoT
C>>        of the IASF has the prerogative, upon review of all facts and
C>>        circumstances, to make its own determination of whether a
C>>        conflict of interest exists and how it is appropriate to
C>>        proceed. A Trustee who perceives the possibility of a
C>>        conflict of interest for him or herself, or for another Board
C>>        member, may raise this issue at any point prior to a vote on
C>>        any issue.  Any Trustee who perceives a possible conflict of
C>>        interest may present justification with respect to whether or
C>>        not a conflict of interest exists, but the entire Board, with
C>>        the exception of the Trustee having the potential conflict of
C>>        interest, shall make the final determination to proceed in
C>>        such a matter.  If the BoT finds there is a conflict of
C>>        interest, the Trustee with the conflict may be excluded by
C>>        the Chair of the Board from that portion of any meeting where
C>>        a substantive discussion or decision to engage or not in such
        
C>>        decisions will have a direct or indirect impact on the
C>>        Trustee's company, but such a non-individualized interest
C>>        does not constitute a "personal interest" as used in these
C>>        Bylaws.  A "transaction" with The IASF for purposes of these
C>>        Bylaws is a contract or consultancy in which the Trustee has
C>>        a direct or indirect financial benefit, or a policy under
C>>        consideration that will have a disparate and unusual impact
C>>        on a business with which the Trustee is directly or
C>>        indirectly associated.
C>>
C>>    2.  The mere existence of a personal interest by a Trustee of The
C>>        IASF in a transaction with the IASF shall not invalidate the
C>>        IASF's ability to enter that transaction so long as the
C>>        following conditions are met: (i) the material facts of the
C>>        personal nature of the transaction with The IASF and the
C>>        Trustee's interest in the transaction with the IASF are fully
C>>        disclosed to the Board of Trustees of the IASF, either by the
C>>        Trustee having a direct or indirect personal interest in the
C>>
C>>        transaction with the IASF, or are brought to the attention of
C>>        the Board by a third party; or (ii) the BoT of the IASF, by a
C>>        vote of the Trustees (without a conflict of interest) of the
C>>        IASF vote to authorize, approve, or ratify a transaction with
C>>        the IASF; or (iii) the transaction with the IASF in which the
C>>        direct or indirect personal interest of a IASF Trustee was
C>>        disclosed to the BoT of The IASF and was determined by the
C>>        BoT of the IASF entitled to vote on the matter is determined
C>>        by the BoT voting to be in the IASF's interests,
C>>        notwithstanding the personal interest of the non-voting
C>>        Trustee.
C>>
C>>    3.  In determining whether a conflict of interest exists, the BoT
C>>        of the IASF has the prerogative, upon review of all facts and
C>>        circumstances, to make its own determination of whether a
C>>        conflict of interest exists and how it is appropriate to
C>>        proceed. A Trustee who perceives the possibility of a
C>>        conflict of interest for him or herself, or for another Board
C>>        member, may raise this issue at any point prior to a vote on
C>>        any issue.  Any Trustee who perceives a possible conflict of
C>>        interest may present justification with respect to whether or
C>>        not a conflict of interest exists, but the entire Board, with
C>>        the exception of the Trustee having the potential conflict of
C>>        interest, shall make the final determination to proceed in
C>>        such a matter.  If the BoT finds there is a conflict of
C>>        interest, the Trustee with the conflict may be excluded by
C>>        the Chair of the Board from that portion of any meeting where
C>>        a substantive discussion or decision to engage or not in such
        

C>> a transaction is made, except that he or she may provide any C>> information that will assist the Trustees in such a matter C>> before leaving such a meeting. C>> C>> *Section 10. Approval of Meeting Minutes.* Minutes of the BoT of C>> the IASF must be approved by a procedure adopted by the board and C>> published on the IASF web site. C>> C>> 6.2.6 Article VI: Officers C>> C>> *Section 1: Number.* The officers of the IASF shall consist of a C>> Chairman of the Board, a Treasurer and a Secretary, and such C>> other inferior officers as the BoT may determine. C>> C>> *Section 2: Election Term of Office and Qualifications.* All C>> officers shall be elected annually by the vote of a majority of C>> the Board of Trustees present and voting (excluding abstentions) C>> at the Annual Meeting. The Treasurer and Secretary need not be C>> members of the Board. The Chair of the IETF nor the chair of the C>> IAB shall be the Chairman of the Board of the IASF. C>> C>> *Section 3: Resignation.* An officer may resign by delivering his C>> written resignation to the IASF at its principal office or to the C>> Chair or Secretary. Such resignation shall be effective upon C>> receipt or upon such date (if any) as is stated in such C>> resignation, unless otherwise determined by the Board. C>> C>> *Section 4: Removal.* The BoT may remove any officer with or C>> without cause by a vote of a majority of the entire number of C>> Trustees then in office, at a meeting of the BoT called for that C>> purpose. An officer may be removed for cause only if notice of C>> such action shall have been given to all of the Trustees prior to C>> the meeting at which such action is to be taken and if the C>> officer so to be removed shall have been given reasonable notice C>> and opportunity to be heard by the BoT. C>> C>> *Section 5: Vacancies.* In case any elected officer position of C>> the IASF becomes vacant, the majority of the Trustees in office, C>> although less than a quorum, may elect an officer to fill such C>> vacancy at the next meeting of the BoT, and the officer so C>> elected shall hold office and serve until the next Annual C>> Meeting. C>> C>> *Section 6: Chairman of the Board.* The Chairman of the Board C>> shall, when present, preside at all meetings of the BoT of the C>> IASF. If the Chairman is not available to preside over a C>> meeting, the majority of the Trustees present shall select C>> another Trustee to preside at that meeting only.

C> >进行交易,但他或她可以在离开此类会议之前提供任何有助于受托人处理此类事宜的信息。C> >C>>*第10节。批准会议记录。*国际会计准则理事会的BoT会议记录必须通过董事会通过的程序批准,并在国际会计准则理事会网站上公布。C> >C>>6.2.6第六条:高级职员C>>C>>*第1节:人数。*国际会计准则理事会的高级职员应包括一名C>>董事长、一名司库和一名秘书,以及BoT可能确定的其他低级职员。C> >C>>*第2节:选举任期和资格。*所有C>>高级管理人员应每年由出席年会并在年会上投票(不包括弃权)的董事会以C>>过半数票选出。司库和秘书不必是董事会的C>>成员。IETF主席或C>>IAB主席应为IASF董事会主席。C> >C>>*第3节:辞职。*高级职员可以通过向国际会计准则理事会总部或其主席或秘书递交其C>>书面辞职书的方式辞职。除非董事会另有决定,否则该辞职应在收到C>>或C>>辞职中规定的日期(如有)生效。C> >C>>*第4节:免职。*BoT可在为该目的召开的BoT会议上,通过当时在任的全体C>>受托人的过半数投票,免职任何有理由或无理由的高级职员。只有在采取此类行动的会议召开之前,已向所有受托人发出此类行动的通知,且已向被免职的高级管理人员发出合理的通知,且BoT有机会听取其意见,才可因故免职高级管理人员。C> >C>>*第5节:空缺。*如果国际会计准则理事会的任何选举产生的高级职员职位空缺,大多数在任受托人(C>>虽然未达到法定人数)可以在BoT的下一次会议上选举一名高级职员来填补该等C>>空缺,并且如此选举产生的高级职员应任职至下一次年度C>>会议。C> >C>>*第6节:董事会主席。*董事会主席在出席会议时,应主持国际会计准则理事会的所有会议。如果主席无法主持C>>会议,出席会议的大多数受托人应选择另一名受托人主持该会议。

C>>
C>>    *Section 7: Treasurer.* The Treasurer shall have the custody of
C>>    all funds, property, and securities of the IASF, subject to such
C>>    regulations as may be imposed by the Board of Trustees.  He or
C>>    she may be required to give bond for the faithful performance of
C>>    his or her duties, in such sum and with such sureties as the BoT
C>>    may require or as required by law, whichever is greater.  When
C>>    necessary or proper, he or she may endorse on behalf of the IASF
C>>    for collection, checks, notes and other obligations, and shall
C>>    deposit same to the credit of the IASF at such bank or banks or
C>>    depository as the BoT may designate.  He or she shall make or
C>>    cause to be made such payments as may be necessary or proper to
C>>    be made on behalf of the IASF.  He or she shall enter or cause to
C>>    be entered regularly on the books of the IASF to be kept by him
C>>    or her for that purpose, full and accurate account of all monies
C>>    and obligations received and paid or incurred by him or her for
C>>    or on account of the IASF, and shall ex